14 Kislev 5776 / Thursday, November 26, 2015 | Torah Reading: Vayishlach
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Our Deed to Israel     Our Deed to Israel

The overwhelming majority of the world's nations question our right to the Land of Israel. Rashi, in his very first comment on Torah, answers them for posterity...


Translated by Rabbi Lazer Brody

Rashi tells us that according to Rabbi Yitzchak, the Torah should have really begun with the commandment of observing the New Moon, which was the first commandment that Hashem gave to the Jewish People. So why does the Torah begin with the story of creation? King David says in Psalm 111:6, “He declared the power of His deeds to His people to give them the lands of nations." Rashi concludes that if the nations of the world tell Israel that they are thieves for having conquered the lands of the seven Canaanite nations, then Israel can respond that the whole world belongs to Hashem; He created it and He gave it to whomever He wants to. If He wants to, He gives theLand of Israel to them, and if He wants to, He gives it to us.
The very first passage of the Torah is small in size but prodigious in its message. We learn here the first foundation of emuna, the pure and complete belief in Hashem. The Torah is not a story book or a history book, but a practical instruction manual that teaches us how to live our lives and to observe Hashem's commandments. So therefore, as Rashi explains, we would expect the Torah to begin with the first practical commandment, to begin counting the months of the year from Nissan, as we are told in Parshat Bo. So why did the Torah begin with the story of creation, which has no practical directives?
By way of the story of creation, theTorah is teaching us that Hashem is Master of the World; this is the foundation of our emuna. He not only created the world, but He vitalizes and sustains it to this very day. Everything in creation is subservient to Hashem's exclusive control. He decides where every nation shall dwell. He alone decides which nation shall live permanently in one place, which nation shall be exiled, and which nation shall disappear from the face of the earth. Hashem's exclusive sovereignty over all of creation determines what happens in the world.
Rashi cites the above-mentioned passage from Psalm 111, “He declared the power of His deeds to His people,” since Hashem wanted to inform His people Israel that He alone rules the globe; He decided to give the Holy Land initially to the Canaanite nations. He then took it from them and gave it to Israel. We learn from here that all of Diaspora and exile, both of the Jewish People and of the nations of the world, is a product of Hashem's exact, precision Divine providence. And, just as Hashem governs the nations, He governs the individual. He decides where each person will live, in which house or apartment, and for what duration. Hashem decides who one's neighbors will be. Hashem's mind-boggling Divine providence governs the entire universe from the great galaxies to the tiniest microorganism, with no exception.
From the Torah's outset, we learn that everything is in Hashem's hands. Not only did he create heaven and earth In the beginning, but He creates them anew and sustains them every single day. King David says (Psalm 119:89-90), "Forever, Hashem, Your word stands firm in the Heavens...You established the earth and it endures." This passages teaches that both heaven and earth exist only by virtue of Hashem's ongoing command, for "the word of Hashem shall stand forever" (Isaiah 40:8).
Rashi's elaboration- "He created it and He gave it to whomever He wants to. If He wants to, He gives it [theLand of Israel] to them, and if He wants to, He gives it to us" - is directly in line with his commentary about the creation of the sun, moon and stars (Genesis 1:14). All the creations were essentially created on the first day of creation, but each was put in its specific place on its designated day of creation. We learn from here that everything in the universe - the creations, their actions and whatever happens to them in general and in particular forever - is the product of Divine forethought and providence.
Along this line of thinking, already from the time of creation, it was decided that the Land of Israel would first be given to the Canaanite nations, and at the right time, it would be given to the Jewish People. According to Rashi, this is what we must tell the nations of the world: "Hashem is the Master of the world, and everything He does is the result of His forethought at the time of creation; you cannot complain that the Jews conquered the Land of Israel. Since we are here, miraculously in the midst of so many hostile neighbors who outnumber us one-hundred fold - it is a sign that Hashem wants us to be here!" And, if Hashem wants us to be here, we should do everything in our power to leave the lands of our exile and to come home right away - the sooner the better.

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  1 Talkbacks for this article    See all talkbacks  
  This is so simple but how come US Rabbinut isn't listening
IMHO, 12/19/2012 1:09:10 AM

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