13 Nissan 5779 / Thursday, April 18, 2019 | Torah Reading: Pesach
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13 Nissan Rav Yosef Karo, Maran HaBeit Yosef  
    (1488-1575). Author of the Beit Yosef, Shulchan Aruch, Kesef Mishneh,and Magid Meisharim. His first major work, the Beit Yosef is a comprehensive commentary on the Tur; it took 20 years to write. In it, he gathered the opinions and decisions of all the major authorities up until his time and cross-referenced them. He ruled between differing views on the basis of a consensus between the three preeminent halachic authorities, the Rif, the Rambam, and the Rosh. The work was completed in 1542, but he continued to refine it for the next 12 years, and published a second edition. After he had completed the Beit Yosef, Rav Caro made a summary of his rulings in the form of an index without reference to sources and titled it Shulchan Aruch ("Laid Table"). It was completed in 1555 in Israel; it was first published in Venice in 1565. Eventually, the Rama's gloss (called HaMapa -- "The Tablecloth") was published together with the Shulchan Aruch in Cracow in 1578, and together they became the universally recognized Code of Jewish Law. The Rambam had published his Mishna Torah without references for his rulings. The Maggid Mishna, a commentary on Mishneh Torah written by Rabbi Vidal di Tolouse, had referenced six of the fourteen sections of the work, and Rav Caro set out to complete the references, while at the same time explaining the Rambam's view and defending it from the Raavad. The Kesef Mishneh, as it was called, was published in Venice between the years 1574-76.

13 Nissan Rav Menachem Mendel  
    (1789 – 1866). The Tzemach Tzedek, 3rd Lubavitcher Rebbe, the grandson of the Baal HaTanya, known for his brilliant mastery of all aspects of the Torah, he fought against the “Enlightenment” movement and against the Cantonists’ decrees. His first sefer was “Shut Tzemach Tzedek,” for which he is known.

13 Nissan Rav Moshe ben Chaim Alshich  
    (1508-1593). Born in Adrianople, Turkey, student of Rav Yosef Karo in Adrianople and Rav Taitatzak in Salonica; authored Toras Moshe in Tzfas. His students included Rav Chaim Vital and Maharitatz (Rav Yom Tov ben Moshe Tzahalon).

13 Nissan Rav Yitzchak Karo  
    He was Rabbi Yosef Karo’s uncle, and one of the Jewish leaders at the time of the Expulsion from Spain in 1492. He fled to Turkey and served as a Rav in Kusta (Istanbul). There he published his sefer “Toldot Yitzchak.”

13 Nissan Rav Yosef Refael Uziel  
    Rav Yosef Refael Uziel

13 Nissan Rav David Altars  
    Rav David Altars

13 Nissan Rav Yosef Sharbani  
    (5739/1979). The Rosh Yeshivah of Porat Yosef.

13 Nissan Rav Pargi DiMari  
    (5663/1903). One of the great Torah scholars of Tunisia, author of “Rosh Pina.”

13 Nissan Rav Avraham Chaviv  
    Rav Avraham Chaviv

13 Nissan Rav Shmuel Martziano  
    One of the great Torah scholars of Debido, Morocco.

13 Nissan Rav Chaim Shabtai  
    Rav Chaim Shabtai


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