15 Sivan 5779 / Tuesday, June 18, 2019 | Torah Reading: Shelach Lecho
 
dot  Add to favorites   dot  Set as homepage  
 
   
    Create an account    |    Sign in
  
    My Account     Orders History     Help
 
 
  My Country:  
  United States   
 
   Language:  
  English   
 
   My Currency:  
  US Dollar   
 
   
Home Page Breslev Judaism Society Family Spirituality and Faith Torah Portion Holidays and Fast Days
   Land of Israel     Jewish World     Noahide World     Jewish History             
 
  More  
 
 
 
Land of Israel  
 
HomeSocietyLand of IsraelSimon the Just
 
  Advanced Search
   Articles
 
   Search
 
            
 

Simon the Just    

Simon the Just



Just a few minutes walk from the Chut Shel Chesed Yeshiva is the holy gravesite of Simon the Just, a very special place where prayers are known to be answered…

 



Shimon Hatzaddik, or Simon the Just, lived at the turn of the 4th to 3rd Century BCE, a contemporary of Alexander the Great. He was the last of the Men of the Great Assembly (see Avot 1:2), and a direct descendant of the High Priest (Cohen HaGadol) Yehoshua ben Yehotzedek. Simon the Just is considered the first of the great scholars following the final signature of Tanach in the days of Ezra and Nehemia, when the Jewish People returned to Zion from the Babylonian exile.

The Gemara (see Yoma 69a) tells a moving account of Simon's encounter with Alexander the Great. After Alexander and his army arrived in Israel, the "Kutim" or Samaritans, maliciously informed him that the Jews were revolting against Greece. They asked Alexander to help them destroy Jerusalem and the Holy Temple.
 


 

The holy gravesite of Simon the Just. Image ©Tal Rotem and Breslev Israel


Shimon dressed up in the ceremonial white garments of the High Priest. Accompanied by the other priests with torches in their hands, they walked to greet the visiting Greek emperor. As Alexander was ascending to Jerusalem, he saw Shimon walking on the eastern horizon. Immediately, his dismounted his steed and bowed down before the High Priest. The Greek Generals were disgusted and astonished: "Your Majesty, why do you prostrate yourself before a Jew?"

Alexander answered, "That is no mere Jew; that is the image of the angel I see every time we're victorious in battle."

According to the ancient sage and historian Ben Sira, Simon the Just saved Israel from her enemies on more than one occasion. He also fortified the walls of Jerusalem. Ben Sira also described Simon the Just's exit from the Holy of Holies on Yom Kippur in beautiful imagery, "As the image of a rose shimmering on a crystal goblet in the sunlight."

The Midrash tells that Simon the Just served as High Priest for forty years. Many miracles happened in his time according to the Gemara (see Yoma 39a), amongst which was the total forgiveness that Hashem gave the Jewish people during Simon's time as signified by the western candle of the Menora in the Holy Temple that was never extinguished. The Mishna tells that Simon the Just prepared two of the seven red heifers that were prepared in the Second Temple since the time of Ezra. Also during his reign as High Priest, the rituals of Kiddush and Havdalah were initiated, blessings were formulated over various kinds of food, and the reading of the Haftarah was added to the Shabbat and Festival services.
 
Simon the Just's most well-known saying is, "The world stands on three things - on Torah, on Divine service (prayer - TR), and on charitable deeds" (Avot 1:2). His prime disciple was Antigonus Ish Socho.

Simon the Just once told the other sages that he would die that particular year. They asked, "How do you know?" He answered that every year before he exited the Holy of Holies on Yom Kippur, he'd see the image of a benevolent old man dressed in white. But this year, the image of an old men dressed in black enetered the Holy of Holies with him, but did not leave. After the High Holidays, he fell ill for seven days and died (see Menachot 109b).
 

  
 

Today, the gravesite of Simon the Just is a wonderful place to go, known to be conducive for one's prayers to be answered. Many Jerusalemites perform the Chlakeh ceremony, or first haircut of a three year-old Jewish boy where his long locks are cut and his sidecurls preserved, there. The tomb is only a 12-minute walk from the Chut Shel Chesed Yeshiva, frequented often by Rabbi Shalom Arush and his students.

May Simon the Just's holy memory intercede in our behalf in these difficult times before the imminent coming of Moshiach, amen!





New Comment    New Comment
   See More Articles By Tal Rotem
   Read more about Land of Israel




Top of article    Top of article       Email This Article    Email This Article          Share to Facebook       Print version    Print version


 Join the distribution list Join the distribution list
 
 
  
If you would like to receive other related articles or Breslev.co.il features via e-mail, please enter your e-mail address here:

   

 Related Articles Related Articles
 
 

 
Living Links               Shilo               Our Winter Wonderland
 
 Living Links  Shilo  Our Winter Wonderland


  0 Talkbacks for this article     

Add Your CommentAdd Your Comment    Add Your Comment    

 
 
  
In Honor of:    In Memory of:
  
 
Like What You Read?
 
Help Breslev Israel spread the light of Rebbe Nachman
across the globe, and be a partner in making a better world.
 
Click here to support Breslev.co.il
  
 
 
 Products of the Day Products of the Day
 
 
 
 
Back  1 2 3  Next
 
 
 
 
  •  
     
  •  
  •  
  •  
     
 
Back  1 2 3  Next
 
 
 Most talked about Most talked about
 
 
 
 
Up  1 2 3  Down
 
 
 Most read Most read
 
 
 
 
Up  1 2 3  Down
 
 
 Facebook Facebook
 
 
 
 Mailing List Mailing List
 
 
 
Subscribe Here:   
 
   
 

 
 



  
 
 
open toolbar